You will be required to attend a pre admission clinic. Everything you need to know about what to do before, during and after your stay in hospital will be discussed at length at this clinic. Your doctor will also examine you and ask you questions, and you should let them know if you have any abrasions or pimples around the knee.
At this clinic the following will be attended to:
You will have simple blood tests to make sure your blood count is normal and you have no other major medical problems. Because knee replacement is such a major operation with drilling and cutting involved there is a higher risks than in most operations of the health care team catching diseases transmitted by blood. For this reason, a sample of your blood will also be tested for AIDS and hepatitis. The results of this test can take up to two weeks.
A cardiograph of your heart will be taken to make sure you have no underlying cardiac problems. An ECG is non-invasive - no needles, just some stickers on your body that communicate to a machine through wires.
Your doctor may or may not require new X-rays of the knee he is operating on.
This is required to make sure you do not have a urinary tract infection. An infection anywhere before surgery e.g. infected toenail, skin lesion, throat infection, gum or dental infection, can greatly increase your chances of infection of the joint replacement following surgery. If an infection is found, it can be treated with simple antibiotics prior to surgery.